DARWIN OF THE MIND
By Thomas T. Lawson
Karnac Books, London, http://www.karnacbooks.com
U. S. distributor, Stylus Publishing LLC, Sterling, Virginia, http://styluspub.com
visit my other website, jungdarwinbook.com,
devoted exclusively to Carl Jung, Darwin of the Mind and other Jungian
writings, where you will find expanded materials on that subject.
at online bookstores such as:
and Noble - Powell's
all of the advance of science in modern times, it tells us virtually nothing
about the human psyche, upon which that advance has entirely depended.
Yet there is a great deal that can be known. Carl Jung spent years in
depth psychology, delving into peoples’ psyches, including his own,
and he schooled himself in the realms of myths, fairy tales, Gnosticism,
Mithraism, alchemy, and Eastern mysticism. Out of that work came a wide
span of writings that, taken together, develop a coherent theory.
is difficult for the layman to obtain a reliable perspective of psychology
in the broad sense. A review of the whole of Jung’s corpus affords
such a perspective from one point of view, and a point of view that, when
combined with evolutionary theory, is consonant with the findings of modern
and Evolutionary Theory.
book is addressed, accordingly, to the sort of general intellectual reader
who is either skeptical of or ignorant of Carl Jung’s psychology,
and I hope it might persuade such readers, as well as psychologists and
philosophers, to take Jung’s work seriously -- not in the woolly
way one often finds in pop-psychological treatments of Jung, but philosophically,
and particularly with respect to the plausibility of the idea that evolutionary
theory supports the notion of a collective unconscious.
Evolution of Consciousness.
what about consciousness? According to Jung it developed out of the collective
unconscious; yet, unlike the collective unconscious, it is too late an
arrival upon the scene to have a genetic base grounded in natural selection.
However, as with everything else, consciousness must have a history. Jung’s
brilliant successor, Erich Neumann, was able to trace the advance of consciousness
through successive expressions of Jungian archetypes, as recorded in the
myth and ritual of culture, through history. Pursuing these findings,
I propose that consciousness evolved non-genetically through natural selection
among cultural styles.
and the Spiritual Void.
in this book I attempt to provide an intellectual platform upon which
a person sensible of a spiritual void in the modern world might build.
Science is not intended to, nor will it in its present form, afford a
predicate for spiritual fulfillment, and the present state of the church
leaves hungry many educated, reflective people. This is to say that the
encounter between the power to convince of secular science and the literalism
of religious doctrine has left the spirit in an uncertain place in the
modern world. In consequence there appears widely to be a desire, and
indeed a need, for a spiritual element, a sense of meaning, presently
missing in many peoples’ lives. Anyone sensible of this need might
be warranted in looking to psychology -- as such a need is a psychological
fact -- both to probe the ground of the contemporary malaise and, perhaps,
as I argue, to come upon a meaningful cosmology.
Lawson offers Jung for the thinking and acting man and woman. Lucidly
and humanely explicating Jung’s deepest insights, he also shows
how they make sense in daily life as in a court trial or when a dog is
run over or a bird 'spooked' by a vehicle, and he eschews vague mystique
inviting us to think through Jung’s perspective in clear, mature
language. He also develops a suggestive argument about the evolution of
consciousness, drawing on contexts ranging from contemporary physics and
genetics to philosophy. The argument will inform Jungians and others in
the mental health field, but this work is helpful to anyone pondering
and living in the world. I am grateful for this work!’
– James Peacock, Chapel Hill, past president of the American
Anthropological Association, author of Consciousness and Change.
a follower for many years of the great Swiss psychiatrist C.G. Jung, I
have enjoyed Mr. Lawson’s book very much indeed. It is gratifying
that its principal effect can only be to widen and popularize Jung’s
ideas. While I have always found Sigmund Freud a bit difficult, I cannot
speak too highly of a book that explains to ordinary readers like myself
Jung’s readily comprehensible work. I hope that it will be widely
read by lay followers of Jung, both in the United States and the United
– Richard Adams, Whitchurch, U. K., novelist, author of Watership
Down and numerous other books.
‘Publication of Tom Lawson’s Carl Jung, Darwin of the
Mind can only be described as synchronistic when seen in the light
of today’s awareness of the pertinence of the neurosciences to psychoanalysis
and depth psychology. In developing his thesis of the evolution of consciousness
through culture rather than through genetic selection, Lawson draws an
original parallel between the theories of Jung and those of Darwin. With
a minimum of jargon and a deep understanding of analytical psychology,
the author reaffirms Jung’s own thesis that although archetype and
instinct are the most polar opposites imaginable, they belong together
as correspondences and must be regarded from a scientific standpoint.
Along the way, the reader may acquaint or re-acquaint himself - perhaps
from a new perspective - with Jungian thought. The Jung that emerges from
this reading is the one he himself always claimed to be: a man of science
for whom psyche and soma, the mind and the body, are of a whole.’
- Leslie deGalbert, Paris, Jungian analyst.
2 The evolution of consciousness
3 Archetypes and the collective unconscious
cover painting is one of